Which of the following statements about the Clean Air Act (CAA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is correct?

1. Which of the following statements about the Clean Air Act (CAA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is correct?
A. Although debris removal funded under Section 403 is STATEX, it is still subject to CAA and RCRA compliance.
B. FEMA is responsible for establishing the air quality standards and recycling standards that the applicant must meet for all FEMA funded projects.
C. Under CAA and RCRA, structures with potentially hazardous material, such as lead or asbestos, may not be demolished.
D. Emergency actions, such as debris removal and burning, are exempt from compliance with CAA and RCRA.

2. To comply with Executive Order 12898 Environmental Justice, FEMA and other Federal agencies must ensure that their proposed actions:
A. Are evaluated for disproportionately high and adverse effects on minority or low income populations.
B. Are subject to public hearings to establish if minorities or low income populations are present in the area.
C. Avoid areas where there are low income or minority populations.
D. Must have a disproportionately beneficial effect on minority or low income populations.

3. Under the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA), if FEMA determines a proposed action will be in a coastal zone, then FEMA must:
A. Relocate the project out of the coastal zone.
B. Develop mitigation measures to offset any loss of coastal resources.
C. Review the State CZMA plan for project consistency.
D. Apply for a waiver from the Army Corps of Engineers.

4. Which of the following statements about the definition of a historic property under the National Historic Preservation Act is correct?
A. Business districts, college campuses, and residential areas are all examples of historic districts.
B. A Native American property that currently serves as a ceremonial site is an example of a structure.
C. Historic objects include monuments, sculptures, documents, and museum collections.
D. A vernacular building is one that is associated with the cultural or religious beliefs of a living community.

5. Under the National Historic Preservation Act, FEMA is required to:
A. Provide all resources necessary to preserve historic properties.
B. Consult with the Advisory Council for all actions involving historic properties.
C. Take into account the effects of undertakings on historic properties.
D. Complete the four step review process before commencing National Environmental Policy Act review.

6. While all of Atlantic County suffered heavy damage from a recent hurricane, the historic district of Charlestown was hit especially hard. A week after the disaster declaration, interested parties agree that one of the historic buildings is in danger of collapse and must be demolished.
Which of the following statements about this undertaking and Section 106 review are correct?
A. The undertaking is exempt from review, as demolition, rescue, and salvage operations are excluded from Section 106 review.
B. If the county had a Programmatic Agreement in place, the review period for this undertaking would be 15 days.
C. Under standard Section 106, the review period for this undertaking, as an emergency action, would be 7 days.
D. Because this project is ineligible for consideration as an emergency undertaking, the 30 day review timeframe in the standard Section 106 review process applies.

7. According to 36 CFR Part 800, if an emergency situation exists involving potential adverse effects to a historic property, and no Programmatic Agreement has been executed, who must FEMA seek comment from before proceeding with the action?
A. SHPO and the Advisory Council
B. State Emergency Management Agency
C. Keeper of the National Register
D. Secretary of the Interior

8. The term Area of Potential Effect (APE) may be defined as:
A. A 2 mile radius around the project site for any project that may change the use or character of historic properties.
B. The human and natural environment affected by a project, including short term and long term effects.
C. The geographic area around a project where the character or use of historic properties may be changed as a result of the project.
D. The interior and exterior of that historic property, for any project that involves the interior of a historic property.

9. Which of the following statements about FEMA projects and historic properties is correct?
A. The Public Assistance Officer identifies and evaluates the National Register eligibility of historic properties for Public Assistance projects.
B. FEMA must seek concurrence from the SHPO/THPO if a determination is made that a proposed project affects historic properties.
C. The applicant is responsible for determining if historic properties are affected by a proposed project.
D. The SHPO/THPO must inform the Advisory Council if a proposed project is found to have no adverse effects on historic properties.

10. Due to significant damage from wildfires, a county in Arizona was declared eligible for FEMA assistance. An archaeological site listed on the National Register of Historic Places is in the declared county.
Which of the following statements would be considered an adverse effect under Section 106 criteria?
A. Use of the area encompassing the site as a debris staging area.
B. Renovation of a museum exhibit on site artifacts.
C. Collapse of a structure at the site due to extensive fire damage.
D. Loss of revenue from tourists visiting the site.

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